Artemis missions: NASA’s Lunar Terrain Vehicle

Navigating the Moon: NASA’s hunt for next-gen lunar rover innovations

Imagine a vehicle that can navigate the challenging terrain of the Moon’s south polar region, extending the reach of human exploration beyond what’s possible on foot. NASA is calling upon the innovation of the industry to make this a reality, aiming to contract Lunar Terrain Vehicle (LTV) services for its forthcoming Artemis missions.

“We want to leverage industry’s knowledge and innovation, combined with NASA’s history of successfully operating rovers, to make the best possible surface rover for our astronaut crews and scientific researchers.”

Lara Kearney, Manager of NASA’s Extravehicular Activity and Human Surface Mobility

Bridge between Apollo and Mars rovers

The LTV will be a hybrid of Apollo-style lunar rovers and Mars-style uncrewed rovers, such as NASA’s Curiosity and Perseverance. This vehicle will serve dual purposes, supporting astronaut-driven phases and functioning as an uncrewed mobile science exploration platform, thus expanding the potential for lunar research.

Leveraging commercial innovation

To spur creativity and efficiency, NASA is encouraging companies to develop innovative rover designs for NASA and other commercial customers for multiple years. This approach underscores the agency’s commitment to commercial partnership and its value for scientific exploration and U.S. taxpayers.

Remote operation for extended exploration

By allowing engineers to operate the LTV remotely, the rover will transport cargo and scientific payloads between crewed landing sites. This will boost the scientific returns, advance resource prospecting, and widen the horizon of lunar exploration, making the Moon a more accessible place for research and discovery.

Ready for lunar south pole’s extreme environment

The lunar South Pole’s unique environment, with its permanently shadowed regions and prolonged sunlight deprivation, necessitates an advanced rover design. The LTV will need to incorporate advanced power management, semi-autonomous driving, cutting-edge communication and navigation systems, and withstand the severe conditions.

End-to-end services for lunar delivery and operations

The proposals require companies to offer comprehensive services, from the development and lunar delivery of the LTV, to the execution of operations. Each LTV must safely carry two astronauts and house a robotic arm or equivalent mechanism to facilitate science exploration in the harsh environment of the lunar South Pole.


The Artemis missions, powered by the collective genius of humanity, could redefine our understanding of the universe and place us on a path towards broader horizons—most notably, crewed missions to Mars. The LTV represents more than just a vehicle; it embodies our innate curiosity, determination, and the indomitable spirit of exploration.


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